Perhaps what is most shocking is the level of vengeance that is taken on the body of the guilty man. The panopticon was destined to spread throughout society. It allowed for constant observation characterized by an "unequal gaze "; the constant possibility of observation.
Panopticism Summary Foucault begins with a description of measures to be taken against the plague in the seventeenth century: If the torture failed to elicit a confession then the investigation was stopped and innocence assumed.
It does this to develop the economy, spread education and improve public morality, not to save society. In this book he points out that the word discipline has always had the dual meaning it has today — a discipline as an area of study and discipline as in being forced to behave correctly.
The secret to right moral action, then, is more than just the relationship between knowledge and power — but also of proper surveillance. But these experiments lasted less than twenty years. Foucault argues that this theory of "gentle" punishment represented the first step away from the excessive force of the sovereign, and towards more generalized and controlled means of punishment.
The move from one to the other represents the formation in the seventeenth and eighteenth century of a disciplinary society. I want to start with one of the quotes that go off with a bang at the start of this book — that shock us by how distant our world seems moved from that of a few hundred years ago: He defines a "micro-physics" of power, which is constituted by a power that is strategic and tactical rather than acquired, preserved or possessed.
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Discipline, he suggests, developed a new economy and politics for bodies. Summary[ edit ] The main ideas of Discipline and Punish can be grouped according to its four parts: Within it is included the Prison, the School, the Church, and the work-house industry - all of which feature heavily in his argument.
Thus, he argues, the public execution was ultimately an ineffective use of the body, qualified as non-economical. But he suggests that the shift towards prison that followed was the result of a new "technology" and ontology for the body being developed in the 18th century, the "technology" of discipline, and the ontology of "man as machine.
It was the ideal modernization of punishment, so its eventual dominance was natural. The sovereign was not concerned with demonstrating the ground for the enforcement of its laws, but of identifying enemies and attacking them, the power of which was renewed by the ritual of investigation and the ceremony of public torture.
To punish someone now means two things, you have some idea of what is the right way to live a life and that if you inflict a certain punishment on a person that punishment will thereby make them a better person.
But the development and generalization of disciplinary mechanisms constituted the other, dark side of these processes. The secret of the investigation and the conclusion of the magistrates was justified by the publicity of the torture. He defines a "micro-physics" of power, which is constituted by a power that is strategic and tactical rather than acquired, preserved or possessed.
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In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of /5(). Interesting Finds Updated Daily.
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All. Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison Michel Foucault Limited preview - Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison Michel Foucault Snippet view - Michel Foucault was born in Poitiers, France, in He lecturerd in universities throughout the world; served as director at the Institut Francais in Hamburg, Germany 3/5(7).
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Discipline and Punish Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
Discipline and Punish, Panopticism - Monoskop.Foucault discipline and punish