An overview of angolas economy and culture

The catalogue of economic, social and cultural Rights is vast. Timber exports ceased at independence, and available resources came to be used primarily for fuel.


Beginning in the s, Portuguese colonial policies sought to make Portuguese the only language spoken in Angola; these attempts met with limited success. A recipe adapted for Western cooks follows. Only about 3 percent of the land area was under cultivation, with less than 1 percent irrigated.

Article 16 expressly declares that natural resources are the property of the state and article 3 2 lays down that the state has sovereignty over all Angolan territory, which includes its land, internal and territorial waters, air space, soil and sub-soil, seafloor and associated sea beds.

It first declares that sovereignty lies with the people, who must exercise it through universal, free, equal, direct, secret and periodic suffrage in order to choose their representatives article 3 1.

True desert is confined to the Namib in the far southwest, which extends north from Namibia and is the home of a unique plant, the tumboa Weltwitschia mirabiliswhich has a deep taproot and two broad, flat leaves about 10 feet 3 metres long that lie along the desert floor.

There are about a dozen national parks and nature reserves, notably Iona National Park in the southeast corner of the country and Quicama National Park just south of Luanda, but checks on hunting largely broke down with the spread of civil war.

The two families then meet to discuss matters such as bride price. A kiss on each cheek is becoming an accepted greeting among friends in urban life, although older people prefer to shake hands. Following the end of its year long civil war inAngola embarked on a nationwide reconstruction program that led to a construction boom, high growth rates in agriculture and the resettlement of Angolans displaced by the war.

Prior to independence, Angola supplied almost one-fifth of world coffee production, with an annual output of more thantons in the early s. In the northeast, rivers such as the Cuango Kwango flow out of Angola into the mighty Congo Riverwhich forms the boundary between Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the final 90 miles km of its course.

The largest ethnic group is the Ovimbundu, comprising 37 percent of the population. The Criminal Law Code and Criminal Procedure Law Code, which consubstantiates its instruments states the Nullum Crimen Sine Lege, presumption of innocence, In Dubio Pro Reo, no retroactive application of criminal law, principle of non-incrimination or the so called right to make any statement against himself and no penalty without proven guilt.

Some even travel to study in the United States. The coastal plain varies in width from about miles km in the area south of Luanda to about 15 miles 25 km near Benguela. However, the population growth rate remained high during this time and later increased after the end of the war.

One of the intents is to nnegotiate and adopt a normative profile of oil production, which ensures real rates of growth of the respective sectors, to create a climate conducive to economic growth and job creation. There are large reserves of petroleum and natural gas, concentrated in the maritime zones off the Cabinda exclave and the Congo River estuary.

Settlement patterns The rural population is largely concentrated in the highlands and along watercourses running off the highlands.

The civil law is based on the following principles: Courts base their judgements on legislation, and there is no binding precedent as understood in common-law systems.

Angola also exports natural gas, diamonds, coffee, fish products, timber and cotton.

Prior to independence, timber extraction from natural forests was concentrated in Maiombe in the Cabinda exclave and in Luso on the eastern stretch of the Benguela Railway.

Settlement patterns have also been affected by forced labour; a form of this practice existed in the precolonial period, was continued by the Portuguese, and was evident in the manner in which both government and rival armies acquired soldiers during the civil war.

There was a renewed outflow of refugees inwith the departure of more thanPortuguese and an unknown number of Africans. Considerable erosion has occurred in this area, and laterite formations are common.

It is estimated that about half a million people fled abroad during the anticolonial war —75mainly Kongo escaping to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and some Chokwe, Lunda, and Ngangela fleeing to Zambia. After years of struggle, Angola gained its independence from Portugal on November 11, Numerous bridges were destroyed during the civil war, and travel on the roads generally was possible only in convoys with armed escorts.

The Administrative Law includes various principles including the rule of Law, prosecution of the public interest, proportionality, impartiality, probity and respect for the public wealth, cooperation of the public administration with the private entities and individuals, participation of private entities and individuals in the public decision-making process, access to administrative justice and tax equality.

Physical features of Angola. As of the late s, five women ministers held government cabinet posts in such areas as oil, fisheries, and culture.

The loss of capital and skills had an immediate negative impact on economic development. Angolans currently are undertaking a national recovery program to rebuild and diversify their economy and to retrain their people. 16 • SPORTS Soccer is the most popular participant and spectator sport, played by both girls and boys.

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FACTBOX - Angola's economy, government and people

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Yeah, keep it Undo Close. This video is unavailable. It is the only news agency in the country and aims to collect, process and distribute, on a unique system, both in Angola and abroad, news on the basis of objective information about national and international events.

Dunia P. Zongwe is an author, academic and a consultant. He writes and specializes in the areas of international finance and human rights, focusing on Africa. Mr. Zongwe was educated at the University of Namibia, Université de Montréal and Cornell University, where he.

May 06,  · Here are some facts about Angola’s economy, government and people: ECONOMY - Angola’s economy has been heavily hit the world economic crisis as prices for its two main exports — oil and.

Aug 29,  · Angola: Geographical and historical treatment of Angola, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government.

An overview of angolas economy and culture
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